PHP Cookies




PHP Tutorial > PHP Commands > Cookies

If you have a website, you may wish to set a cookie on the client computer so that your site will remember that user when she returns. PHP provides ways to create, retrieve, and delete cookies.

Create cookies

Cookies are set using the setcookie() function. The syntax is as follows:

Setcookie (name, value, expire, path, domain, secure)

name = name of the cookie.
value = value of the cookie.
expire = time when this cookie will expire. Unix time is used here.
path = the path on the server on which the cookie is available.
domain = the domain that the cookie is available.
secure = TRUE means the cookie should be trasmitted over a secure connection (https), FALSE otherwise. FALSE is the default.

All arguments except name are optional. Unix time is the number of seconds that have elapsed since January 1, 1970.

You must make sure that the setcookie() function is called before any HTML output is printed.

Let's take a look at a couple of examples:

<?php
  setcookie('cookie1','lisa');
?>

This sets up a cookie with name = "cookie1" and value = "lisa". As expire time is not specified, this cookie will expire when the browser is closed.

<?php
  setcookie('cookie2','electric1',time()+3600);
?>

This sets up a cookie with name = "cookie2" and value="electric1", and this cookies expires in 1 hour (3600 second).

Retrieve cookies

Cookies can be retrieved via the $_COOKIE or the $_HTTP_COOKIE_VARS arrays. Assuming that the name of the cookie is "cookie1", the value of the cookie is retrieved by $_COOKIE['cookie1'].

Delete cookies

To delete a cookie from a client computer, simply use the setcookie() function and set the expiration time as a time in the past. For example, the following code,

<?php
setcookie('cookie1','lisa',1);
?>

will get rid of the cookie with name = "cookie1" and value = "lisa".

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