SQL > SQL Commands > Insert Into Select Statement

The INSERT INTO SELECT statement is used to add multiple new records into a database table at one time.

Syntax

The syntax for INSERT INTO SELECT is as follows:

INSERT INTO "table1" ("column1", "column2", ...)
SELECT "column3", "column4", ...
FROM "table2";

Note that this is the simplest form. The SELECT statement can easily contain WHERE, GROUP BY, and HAVING clauses, as well as table joins and aliases.

Please note the number of columns specified in the SELECT statement must be the same as the number of columns specified in the INSERT INTO statement.

Example

We use the following tables for our example.

Table Store_Information

Column NameData Type
Store_Namechar(50)
Salesfloat
Txn_Datedatetime

Table Sales_Data

Column NameData Type
Store_Namechar(50)
Product_IDinteger
Salesfloat
Txn_Datedatetime

Table Sales_Data has detailed sales information, while table Store_Information keeps summarized data on sales by store by day. To copy data from Sales_Data to Store_Information, we type in:

INSERT INTO Store_Information (Store_Name, Sales, Txn_Date)
SELECT Store_Name, SUM(Sales), Txn_Date
FROM Sales_Data
GROUP BY Store_Name, Txn_Date;

Please note that we specified the order of the columns to insert data into in the example above (the first column is Store_Name, the second column is Sales, and the third column is Txn_Date). While this is not absolutely necessary, it is a good practice to follow, as this can ensure that we are always inserting data into the correct column.

Exercises

Assume the Sales_Data table above contains the following data:

Store_NameProduct_IDSalesTxn_Date
Mountain View10150Feb-22-1999
Cupertino12035Feb-22-1999
Redwood City10140Feb-22-1999
Sunnyvale8060Feb-22-1999
Redwood City12020Feb-22-1999
Sunnyvale10130Feb-22-1999
Mountain View12035Feb-23-1999
Cupertino8025Feb-23-1999
Mountain View10130Feb-23-1999
Cupertino12040Feb-23-1999
Redwood City10140Feb-23-1999
Sunnyvale8050Feb-23-1999

1. Which of the following SQL statement is valid? (There may be more than one answer)
a) INSERT INTO Store_Information SELECT * FROM Sales_Data WHERE Txn_Date = 'Feb-22-1999';
b) INSERT INTO Store_Information SELECT Store_Name, Sales, Txn_Date FROM Sales_Data WHERE Txn_Date = 'Feb-22-1999';
c) INSERT INTO Store_Information (Sales, Txn_Date, Store_Name) SELECT SUM(Sales), Txn_Date, Store_Name FROM Sales_Data WHERE Txn_Date = 'Feb-22-1999';
d) INSERT INTO Store_Information (Store_Name, Sales, Txn_Date) SELECT Store_Name, Sales, Txn_Date FROM Sales_Data WHERE Product_ID BETWEEN 80 AND 100;

2. What data is inserted into the Store_Information table by the following SQL statement?
INSERT INTO Store_Information SELECT Store_Name, SUM(Sales), Txn_Date FROM Sales_Data WHERE Product_ID < 101 GROUP BY Store_Name, Txn_Date;

3. Write a SQL statement that retrieves all sales data from the Sales_Data table and store total daily store sales data in the Store_Information table. How many rows are inserted?

Next: SQL UPDATE




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