SQL > SQL NULL > NULLIF Function

The NULLIF function takes two arguments. If the two arguments are equal, then NULL is returned. Otherwise, the first argument is returned. The syntax for NULLIF is as follows:

NULLIF ("expression 1", "expressions 2")

It is the same as the following CASE statement:

SELECT CASE ("column_name")
  WHEN "expression 1 = expression 2 " THEN "NULL"
  [ELSE "expression 1"]
  END
FROM "table_name";

For example, let's say we have a table that tracks actual sales and sales goal as below:

Table Sales_Data

Store_NameActualGoal
Store A5050
Store B4050
Store C2530

We want to show NULL if actual sales is equal to sales goal, and show actual sales if the two are different. To do this, we issue the following SQL statement:

SELECT Store_Name, NULLIF (Actual, Goal) FROM Sales_Data;

Result:

Store_NameNULLIF (Actual, Goal)
Store ANULL
Store B40
Store C25

Next: Advanced SQL




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