SQL > SQL Functions > SUM Function

The SUM function is used to calculate the total for an expression.

Syntax

The syntax for the SUM function is,

SELECT SUM(<expression>)
FROM "table_name";

<expression> can be a column name or an arithmetic operation. An arithmetic operation can include more than one column, such as ("column1" - "column2").

It is also possible to have one or more columns in addition to the SUM function in the SELECT statement. In those cases, these columns need to be part of the GROUP BY clause as well:

SELECT "column_name1", "column_name2", ... "column_nameN", SUM("column_nameN+1")
FROM "table_name";
GROUP BY "column_name1", "column_name2", ... "column_nameN";

Examples

We use the following table for our example.

Table Store_Information

Store_NameSalesTxn_Date
Los Angeles1500Jan-05-1999
San Diego250Jan-07-1999
Los Angeles300Jan-08-1999
Boston700Jan-08-1999

Example 1: SUM function on a column

To get the sum of all sales from Store_Information, we type in,

SELECT SUM(Sales) FROM Store_Information;

Result:

SUM(Sales)
2750

2750 represents the sum of all Sales entries: 1500 + 250 + 300 + 700.

Example 2: SUM function on an arithmetic operation

Assume that sales tax is 10% of the sales amount, we use the following SQL statement to get the total sales tax amount:

SELECT SUM(Sales*0.1) FROM Store_Information;

Result:

SUM(Sales*0.1)
275

Example 3: SUM function with a GROUP BY clause

To get the sum of sales for each store, we type in,

SELECT Store_Name, SUM(Sales) FROM Store_Information GROUP BY Store_Name;

Result:

Store_NameSUM(Sales)
Los Angeles
1800
San Diego
250
Boston
700

Next: SQL ROUND Function




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