SQL > SQL Functions > MIN Function

The MIN function is used to find the minimum value in an expression.

Syntax

The syntax for the MIN function is,

SELECT MIN (<expression>)
FROM "table_name";

<expression> can be a column name or an arithmetic operation. An arithmetic operation can include more than one column, such as ("column1" - "column2").

It is also possible to have one or more columns in addition to the MIN function in the SELECT statement. In those cases, these columns need to be part of the GROUP BY clause as well:

SELECT "column_name1", "column_name2", ... "column_nameN", MIN (<expression>)
FROM "table_name";
GROUP BY "column_name1", "column_name2", ... "column_nameN";

Examples

We use the following table for our examples.

Table Store_Information

 Store_Name  Sales  Txn_Date 
 Los Angeles 1500  Jan-05-1999 
 San Diego 250  Jan-07-1999 
 Los Angeles 300  Jan-08-1999 
 Boston 700  Jan-08-1999 

Example 1: MIN function on a column

To find the minimum sales amount, we type in,

SELECT MIN(Sales) FROM Store_Information;

Result:

MIN(Sales)
250

250 represents the minimum value of all Sales entries: 1500, 250, 300, and 700.

Example 2: MIN function on an arithmetic operation

Assume that sales tax is 10% of the sales amount, we use the following SQL statement to get the minimum sales tax amount:

SELECT MIN(Sales*0.1) FROM Store_Information;

Result:

MIN(Sales*0.1)
25

SQL will first calculate "Sales*0.1" and then apply the MIN function to the result for the final answer.

Example 3: MIN function with a GROUP BY clause

To get the minimum amount of sales for each store, we type in,

SELECT Store_Name, MIN(Sales) FROM Store_Information GROUP BY Store_Name;

Result:

Store_Name MIN(Sales)
Los Angeles 
300
San Diego 
250
Boston 
700

Next: SQL SUM

This page was last updated on June 05, 2022.




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