SQL > SQL Functions > AVG

The AVG function is used to find the average value in an expression.

Syntax

The syntax for the AVG function is,

SELECT AVG (<expression>)
FROM "table_name";

<expression> can be a column name or an arithmetic operation. An arithmetic operation can include more than one column, such as ("column1" * "column2").

It is also possible to have one or more columns in addition to the AVG function in the SELECT statement. In those cases, these columns need to be part of the GROUP BY clause as well:

SELECT "column_name1", "column_name2", ... "column_nameN", AVG (<expression>)
FROM "table_name";
GROUP BY "column_name1", "column_name2", ... "column_nameN";

Examples

We use the following table for our examples.

Table Store_Information

 Store_Name  Sales  Txn_Date 
 Los Angeles 1500  Jan-05-1999 
 San Diego 250  Jan-07-1999 
 Los Angeles 300  Jan-08-1999 
 Boston 700  Jan-08-1999 

Example 1: AVG function on a column

To find the average sales amount, we type in,

SELECT AVG(Sales) FROM Store_Information;

Result:

AVG(Sales)
687.5

687.5 represents the average value of all Sales entries: (1500+250+300+700) / 4.

Example 2: AVG function on an arithmetic operation

Assume that sales tax is 10% of the sales amount, we use the following SQL statement to get the average sales tax amount:

SELECT AVG(Sales*0.1) FROM Store_Information;

Result:

AVG(Sales*0.1)
68.75

SQL will first calculate "Sales*0.1" and then apply the AVG function to the result for the final answer.

Example 3: AVG function with a GROUP BY clause

To get the average amount of sales for each store, we type in,

SELECT Store_Name, AVG(Sales) FROM Store_Information GROUP BY Store_Name;

Result:

Store_Name AVG(Sales)
Los Angeles 
900
San Diego 
250
Boston 
700

Next: SQL COUNT

This page was last updated on June 05, 2022.




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